UPSC Syllabus 2023: IAS Prelims & Mains Syllabus Download PDF Check

UPSC Syllabus 2023: Each year, the Union Public Service Commission unveils the UPSC Syllabus, which is accompanied by the UPSC Notification 2023 PDF for the forthcoming UPSC 2023 exam. The syllabus serves as a comprehensive guide that provides detailed information about the scope and subject matter that is covered in the UPSC CSE examination.

Achieving success in the civil service exams necessitates a thorough understanding of the UPSC CSE syllabus. Candidates can determine which topics, news articles, information, and current affairs to read based on a comprehensive syllabus. Refer to the comprehensive UPSC Syllabus 2023 article for additional information.

The common denominator among those who top the IAS exam is their serious adherence to the syllabus. The syllabus for the UPSC IAS examination differs across its various stages. With lakhs of applicants vying for the prominent positions, the selection process scrutinizes a multitude of qualities and aspects in order to choose the most fitting candidates.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 

The Prelims Exam conducted by UPSC is composed of two papers- General Studies Paper 1 and General Studies Paper 2. The upcoming UPSC Prelims Exam is scheduled on 28th May 2023. In case you need an extensive understanding of the UPSC Prelims Syllabus, please peruse the table provided below.

UPSC Syllabus 2023
UPSC Syllabus 2023

UPSC Syllabus General Studies 1 (GS-1)

The UPSC Prelims exam syllabus for General Studies Paper 1 encompasses various subjects such as History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment and Ecology, Science and Technology, General Science and Current Affairs. To classify this vast array of topics, the UPSC has broadly categorized the syllabus into different sections.

  • Important happenings on a global and local scale.
  • Indian National Movement and the Historical Past of India.
  • Geographical aspects of India and the world, including physical, social, and economic factors, are explored in Indian and World Geography.
  • The diverse topics encompassed in Indian Polity and Governance consist of the Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, and many more.
  • Sustainable development encompasses various areas such as poverty reduction, inclusion, demographics, and social sector initiatives among others that contribute to economic and social development.
  • Non-specialized topics in Environmental ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change – that are relevant to all.
  • Science in General.

CSAT Syllabus UPSC (GS-2)

UPSC CSE General Studies 2 is colloquially referred to as Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) Paper. In 2011, it was made a mandatory qualifying paper for all aspirants. This section is an essential component of the UPSC CSE Prelims exam, intended to evaluate a candidate’s analytical abilities, reasoning acumen, and overall aptitude.

In order to meet the requirements of this paper, all candidates are expected to attain a minimum score of 66 marks, equating to at least 33% of the overall marks available.

The UPSC divides the syllabus for CSAT into expansive classifications:

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class 10 level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class 10 level)

UPSC Mains Syllabus  

The UPSC Mains Syllabus entails 9 papers that are theoretical or conventional in nature, each with its unique importance. Scheduled for 15th September 2023, the UPSC Mains 2023 Exam will span over 5 days and be administered by the commission. The primary aim of the UPSC CSE Mains Examination is to appraise candidates’ intellectual abilities and comprehension level, rather than just evaluating their knowledge and recollection capacity.

Detailed information about the syllabus for the UPSC Mains Examination can be found below.

UPSC Syllabus Mains Essay Paper

Candidates will be required to compose essays on various subjects while staying on topic and using brief language. Exam administrators anticipate that candidates will arrange their ideas effectively. Writing an essay is a precise way for candidates to gain a higher score and increase their ranking. The essay section is split into two parts, with four topics covered in each section.

Your essay performance is evaluated with a total of 250 marks, distributed as 125 marks per essay.

UPSC GS Mains Syllabus

General Studies PaperTopics Covered
Paper 2 – General Studies IGeneral Studies Paper I consists mainly of History and Geography of the World and Society, Indian Heritage and Culture. This paper mainly revolves around History, Geography and Society.
Paper 3 – General Studies IIGeneral Studies Paper II consists mainly of Polity, Constitution, Governance, Social Justice and International relations.
Paper 4 – General Studies  IIIGeneral Studies Paper III consists mainly of Economic Development, Technology, Environment, Biodiversity, Security and Disaster Management.
Paper 5 – General Studies  IVGeneral Studies Paper IV consists mainly of Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude.

UPSC Syllabus For Mains GS I

The inaugural General Studies paper delves into the World and Society’s History, Heritage, Geography, and Culture. Aspirants must be informed of the indispensable concepts of the General Studies I curriculum, as laid out by the commission, which is listed down for their reference. UPSC Syllabus 2023

Indian Heritage & Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society 

  • From ancient to modern times, Indian culture comprises of noteworthy features in the domains of art, literature, and architecture.
  • Rewritten text: Commencing from the mid-1700s until the contemporary era, Modern Indian History encompasses noteworthy occurrences, influential individuals, and relevant quandaries.
  • The fight for independence saw significant milestones and significant figures from diverse regions who played pivotal roles in India’s emancipation movement.
  • After gaining independence, the nation underwent a process of consolidation and reorganization.
  • The global history will record significant occurrences of the 18th century which encompasses the rise of industrialisation, world conflicts, boundary restructuring, overseas domination, independence attainment, and political ideologies such as socialism, capitalism, and communism with their respective socio-economic impacts.
  • The diversity of India and its society’s crucial attributes.
  • Women’s role, the organization of women, population concerns, developmental challenges resulting from poverty, issues pertaining to urbanization, as well as the possible solutions to these problems.
  • Globalisation’s impact on the social fabric of India.
  • Social Empowerment, Secularism, Communalism, and Regionalism.
  • Notable geographical features that exist on the planet.
  • Globally, the allocation of significant natural resources, encompassing South Asia and the Indian subcontinent, and the factors identifying the positioning of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries worldwide, including India.
  • The fluctuation in geographical attributes such as flora and fauna, water bodies, and ice caps have a significant impact on the Earth’s ecosystem. Additionally, it’s important to note the occurrence of geophysical phenomena like earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic activity, cyclones, and other similar events.

UPSC Syllabus For Mains GS II

The General Studies II paper of the UPSC Mains Syllabus deals with various topics such as Polity, Governance, Constitution, Social Justice, and Interrelations. The syllabus outline is given below for the convenience of the candidates.

Governance, Polity, Constitution, Social Justice & International Relations 

  • The Indian Constitution’s historical context, major provisions, basic structures, modifications, and features.
  • The responsibilities and roles of the Union and State governments, challenges encountered within the federal system, and hindrances faced in the decentralization of power and resources to community levels.
  • Different organs should have distinct and separate powers, while procedures for resolving conflicts and institutions must be established.
  • Evaluating the structural blueprint of the Indian constitution in relation to that of other nations.
  • This piece of writing delves into the matters of Parliament and State Legislatures, examining their structure, administration, business practices, powers, and privileges. The paper also discusses the challenges that arise as a result of these factors.
  • The role of Government Ministries and Departments, alongside Pressure Group organizations and formal/informal associations in the Polity.
  • The functioning and establishment of the Judiciary and the Executive is determined by their structure and organization.
  • Important features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • The allocation of roles and responsibilities to multiple constitutional bodies has been finalized for various appointments.
  • There are a variety of agencies with legal and regulatory authority, as well as quasi-judicial bodies. The government has intervened in numerous sectors to promote development, but there have been issues that arise from the planning and execution of these interventions.
  • The development industry and development processes have a number of key stakeholders that play vital roles. These include NGOs, SHGs, diverse groups and associations, funders, charities, and institutional players. Their contributions help shape the outcomes of development initiatives and impact the lives of those involved.
  • The federal government and individual states have established welfare programmes aimed at assisting the most vulnerable members of society. The efficacy of these programmes and the various institutions, laws, and organisations created to support and enhance the well-being of these groups are also deserving of consideration.
  • Concerns related to the expansion and management of social services and sectors within health care, education, and human resources.
  • Issues that are linked to a lack of food and financial resources.
  • and accountability frameworks, social audits, and public expenditure tracking surveys. Good governance requires transparency and accountability. This can be achieved through the implementation of e-governance applications, various models, accomplishments, limitations and possibilities. Furthermore, it is important to make use of citizens’ charters, transparency and accountability frameworks, social audits and public expenditure tracking surveys.
  • In a democratic society, the role of the civil service is significant.
  • The rapport India shares with its neighboring countries.
  • Possible rewritten text: Interactions and pacts among India and other entities, ranging from neighbors to global organizations, that affect Indian concerns, either directly or indirectly, through various tiers of engagement.
  • The impact of policies and politics adopted by developed and developing nations on both the Indian populace and the Indian diaspora.
  • The composition and goals of significant global entities, institutions, and platforms: an overview.

UPSC Syllabus For Mains GS III

UPSC Mains General Studies III provides comprehensive coverage of Science, Technology, Economics, Defense, Disaster Management, and Nature. The exam delves into several aspects of life and current advancements across all domains, raising inquiries related to them.

  economy, technology, ecological conservation, preservation of bio-diversity, security and preparedness for disasters:

  • The complexities of the Indian economy span multiple areas, from planning and mobilizing resources to fostering growth, promoting development, and addressing employment challenges.
  • The challenges posed by inclusive growth.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Farmers across different regions in the country face a host of challenges with storage, transportation and marketing of various crops. Moreover, the patterns of cropping, irrigation systems and types of irrigation employed vary widely. E-technology is being adopted by farmers to tackle these limitations.
  • Buffer stock and food security issues alongside direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices are among the front burner challenges facing agricultural policymakers. The Public Distribution System, its objectives, implementation strategies and weaknesses also form part of the critical issues. Furthermore, technology missions and the financial impacts of animal husbandry on farming communities are also key.
  • Explore the magnitude and significance of the food processing and correlated industries in India, their geographical distribution, prerequisites in both the preceding and succeeding stages, as well as management of the supply chain.
  • Revamping Indian agricultural lands.
  • The expansion of the industrial sector is influenced by liberalization and changes made in industrial policy, leading to economic consequences.
  • The components of infrastructure are made up of ports, roads, airports, and railroads.
  • Investment schemes in different permutations.
  • The impact of scientific and technological advancements on everyday life and their practical applications.
  • Innovation undertaken by Indians leading to scientific and technological progression, localization of technology and innovation of novel technology.
  • Recognition of concerns pertaining to intellectual property privileges alongside technology advancements in fields like information technology, space exploration, computing systems, robotic engineering, nanoscience, and biotechnology.
  • Assessing the environmental impact, preventing pollution and degradation, and promoting conservation.
  • The connection between the increase and distribution of radicalism; The handling of catastrophes and their mitigation.
  • The involvement of external non-state and state actors in domestic security issues.
  • The risks that communication networks present to internal security, including the involvement of the media and social media, the basics of cyber security, and measures to prevent money laundering.
  • The correlation between organised crime and terrorism in border regions, and strategies for handling security concerns.
  • Different security agencies and organizations have distinct roles to play.

UPSC Syllabus For Mains GS IV

The evaluation of a candidate’s ethics, integrity, and aptitude requires inquiries into their perspective and reaction towards matters regarding uprightness in public affairs, and their methods of resolving conflicts and difficulties in diverse societal settings. Case studies may be utilized to cover a broad range of topics and assess these qualities.

  • The study of Ethics and Human Interaction covers the essence, stimuli, and consequences of moral conduct in individuals. This domain encompasses various aspects of human conduct, both in personal and professional domains, and involves ethical aspects like integrity, honesty, responsibility, and respect. The dimensions of this field also examine the role of values inherent in institutions like families, communities, and educational systems in nurturing ethical behavior. The lessons from the lives and imprints of great models, reformers, and leaders of the past guide human value courses.
  • Attitude encompasses its substance, arrangement, and purpose, along with its link to cognizance and conduct, and incorporates moral and political beliefs, social sway, and convincing techniques.
  • The fundamental values of the civil service consist of various traits, such as honesty, impartiality, and non-alignment with any particular party; loyalty toward serving the public; the ability to understand and share others’ experiences; acceptance of differences; and having a sympathetic disposition towards those who are less fortunate.
  • The application and advantages of emotional intelligence in governance and administration.
  • Ideas and notions put forth by ethical scholars and intellectuals from both India and various parts of the globe.
  • The significance of ethical principles and values in public administration, including the civil service sector, is discussed in this piece. Ethical challenges and concerns in international relations and financing, corporate governance, and the role of laws, codes, regulations, and conscience as ethical references are all examined. Additionally, the importance of responsibility and implementing ethical governance is examined.
  • The concept of probity in governance encompasses aspects such as public service, the ethical basis of governance and probity, the transparency and sharing of government information, citizen’s right to access information, consistency in ethical conduct, the effectiveness of public service delivery, workplace environment, the management of public resources, and addressing issues related to corruption.
  • Examples that illustrate the aforementioned issues.

UPSC Mains Qualifying Papers

These papers assess a candidate’s capacity to comprehend and interpret serious discourses, and communicate their ideas clearly and precisely in both Indian and English languages. The evaluation of these papers is solely for the purpose of qualification and not to rank candidates. A minimum of 25% marks in each paper is required to qualify. UPSC Syllabus 2023

 Indian Language

The Curriculum of Indian Language for the UPSC Exam

The Indian Language Paper of UPSC Mains encompasses vital concepts and themes.

  • Comprehension of given passages.
  • Precis Writing.
  • Usage and Vocabulary.
  • Short Essays.
  • Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.

Candidates are provided with a table of Indian Languages, from which they can select any one to proceed.

SindhiDevanagari or Arabic
SanthaliDevanagari or Olchiki*
Note: The Santhali language exam will have its question paper published in Devanagari script. Nevertheless, the examinees have the liberty to respond in either Olchiki or Devanagari.

English Language

The English paper is one of the qualifying papers that assesses one’s comprehension of passages, precis writing, usage and vocabulary, and short essay writing.

Important Link’s

Official WebsiteClick Here
HomepageClick Here

UPSC Optional Subjects List

The two papers, numbered 6 and 7, are mandatory despite being designated as optional subjects. These particular papers offer ample opportunities for candidates to earn high marks. This is likely due to the fact that they pertain to the candidate’s area of study or personal interest, often having been subjects of study during their undergraduate education. UPSC Syllabus 2023

The candidate should thoroughly review the detailed syllabus for each optional subject before making a selection for the UPSC mains exam. One must consider various aspects such as the syllabus, resources available and preparation time to determine the most suitable option.

The given below UPSC Optional Subjects List offers candidates the liberty to choose any subject of their choice for specialization.

UPSC Optional Subjects List
UPSC AgricultureUPSC Law
UPSC Animal Husbandry and Veterinary ScienceUPSC Management
UPSC Anthropology SyllabusMathematics
UPSC Botany SyllabusMechanical Engineering
UPSC Chemistry SyllabusMedical Science
UPSC Civil Engineering SyllabusUPSC Philosophy
UPSC Commerce and Accountancy SyllabusUPSC Physics
UPSC Economics SyllabusUPSC Political Science and International Relations (PSIR)
UPSC Electrical Engineering SyllabusUPSC Psychology Syllabus
UPSC Geography SyllabusUPSC Public Administration Syllabus
UPSC Geology SyllabusUPSC Sociology Syllabus
UPSC History SyllabusUPSC Statistics Syllabus
UPSC Zoology SyllabusLiterature of any one of the following languages:

Assamese, Bodo, Bengali, Hindi, Dogri, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Kannada, Malayalam, Konkani, Manipuri, Maithili, Marathi, Odia, Nepali, Sanskrit, Punjabi, Sindhi, , Tamil, Telugu, English and Urdu, Santhali.

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FAQ’s Related to UPSC Syllabus 2023

What does the UPSC CSE subjects ?

The UPSC CSE exam covers a wide range of topics, including History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Environment and Ecology, Science and Technology, and Current Affairs.

Can the UPSC Civil Services Exam be easily conquered?

Undoubtedly, clearing the UPSC CSE exam presents a formidable challenge. To succeed, aspirants must possess meticulous planning, exhaustive preparation, steadfast determination, and rely on sound guidance and a well-structured strategy.

What composes the set of 7 papers in UPSC?

To evaluate the merit of an individual in the UPSC CSE mains exam, a total of seven papers are taken into account. These papers include the Essay paper, General Studies papers I, II, III, and IV as well as Optional paper 1 and 2.

Which are the mandatory disciplines for UPSC?

All mandatory papers of the UPSC CSE mains exam include History, Polity, Geography, Economy, Environment, Science and Tech. Only Indian Language and English are optional. Is it possible for an underperforming student to pass the IAS exam?

It is vital to possess a minimum educational qualification to take part in the UPSC CSE exam. However, with the appropriate planning and adhering to the syllabus, exam pattern and the difficulty level of the exam, one can succeed. One’s weaknesses should not deter them from taking part.

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